The purchase was done on behalf of Hipgnosis Songs Capital, a partnership between Hipgnosis Song Management and the asset manager Blackstone, the company said in a news release.
While the company has not publicly confirmed the value of the deal, announced Tuesday, the Wall Street Journal reported that it was worth around $200 million.
“The impact of Justin Bieber on global culture over the last 14 years has truly been remarkable,” said Merck Mercuriadis, the CEO of Hipgnosis Songs Fund, in a news release. “At only 28 years of age, he is one of a handful of defining artists of the streaming era that has revitalized the entire music industry, taking a loyal and worldwide audience with him on a journey from teen phenomenon to culturally important artist.”
“This acquisition ranks among the biggest deals ever made for an artist under the age of 70, such is the power of this incredible catalogue that has almost 82 million monthly listeners and over 30 billion streams on Spotify alone,” he added.
With this move, Bieber, 28, joins a growing list of artists who have sold the rights to their music — including Stevie Nicks, Bob Dylan and Bruce Springsteen, who sold his entire catalogue to Sony Music Entertainment for an estimated $550 million in 2021.
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But the deal to acquire Bieber’s music rights stands out among recent such deals because of Bieber’s age, says Richard Baskind, head of the music department at the U.K.-based law firm Simons Muirhead Burton. The biggest deals have typically involved older artists who are selling the rights to their life’s work. It’s “less common” for a 28-year-old to do so, Baskind said.
With legacy artists such as Springsteen or Dylan, prospective investors can measure the popularity of the artist’s songs over decades and therefore can expect to have a reliable income stream if they buy the rights to those songs.
Older artists, who may be on the verge of retiring, may also choose to sell their catalogues to leave their families “a big pile of money” instead of a “complex set of music rights,” Larry Miller, director of music business at NYU Steinhardt, previously told The Washington Post.
“For artists the benefit is clear,” said Cassine Bering, an intellectual property lawyer at Briffa in the United Kingdom. “They are being offered more in these deals than they would see in their lifetime if they retained and continued exercising these rights themselves. Accruing money generated from music can be a slow process and an administrative burden, with many royalty collection societies only paying out a few times a year.”
The major potential drawback of such deals for artists, she added, “is the loss of control” over their intellectual property. “We haven’t seen the terms of this deal [between Bieber and Hipgnosis], but often assigning your music rights means losing your say over when and where that music is used,” she said.
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For most songs, there are two distinct copyrights: The publishing copyright, derived from song composition (the arrangement of the music and the lyrics), and the tangible sound recording of the music (known as the “master”). The owners of both copyrights need to sign off on any deal to license the song.
Under the terms of their agreement, Hipgnosis acquired Bieber’s publishing copyrights. They also acquired Bieber’s share of the copyright of the “master” recordings — meaning that while Universal Music Group, Bieber’s music label, continues to own the master recordings in perpetuity, any revenue payments that would previously have gone to Bieber will now go to Hipgnosis, according to the company.
Hipgnosis also acquired related synchronization fees — when a song is used in conjunction with a visual image, such as in films or advertisements — and neighboring rights, which come into play when a song owned by a copyright owner is performed publicly.
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The acquisition of Bieber’s music is the latest major deal for the music licensing business, which has taken off in recent years. It was propelled by the pandemic, when many artists lost their source of income because they could no longer tour or perform, and investors flushed with cash due to low interest rates backed big deals to acquire popular music as a way to secure regular income derived from their copyright. Funds such as Hipgnosis would acquire artists’ catalogues, bundle them together, and pay dividends to shareholders off the royalties derived from their ownership of the song rights.
Founded in 2018 by Mercuriadis, who formerly managed Elton John and other artists, the fund has bought music rights from artists including Shakira and the Red Hot Chili Peppers.
In 2021, Blackstone invested $1 billion to set up Hipgnosis Songs Capital with Hipgnosis Song Management, the investment management firm for Hipgnosis Songs Fund. Blackstone also bought an ownership stake in Hipgnosis Song Management.
Hipgnosis has gone through tough economic times since then, partly due to market conditions and partly due to investors’ concerns about the underlying value of Hipgnosis’ portfolio.
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The company’s share price was up slightly on Wednesday morning in the U.K., following the announcement that it acquired the rights to Bieber’s music, though it had fallen back to the previous day’s closing price by the afternoon.
Last year, the Canadian singer and songwriter canceled and postponed planned performances as part of his “Justice World Tour” due to poor health. He announced in June that he had been diagnosed with Ramsay Hunt syndrome and that part of his face was paralyzed as a result of the rare neurological disorder.
Travis M. Andrews contributed to this report.